Paints and coatings are very good examples of how microbial control technology is used in several ways: Microbial control products either preserve a material itself, e.g. stabilize a can of paint before its application or/and protect the material the paint is applied to like wood coatings to protect structures. Today there is a growing demand for paint with lower solvent emissions. But without the use of bactericides, also referred to as wet-state or in-can preservatives, water-based paints would very quickly deteriorate in the can. Without dry-film preservatives, the paint applied to a surface would lack the ability to protect itself and the substrate from attack by fungi, algae and lichens. Latex emulsions and aqueous bases used to manufacture latex paints provide the ideal breeding ground for microbial growth. Without microbial control products, paints would completely break down during storage and would lose all viscosity, texture and adhesion ability. Thanks to modern antimicrobial technology, paint cans now last several years and the finished coatings they produce will also last much longer. Longevity is especially important because changes to our climate and the greater use of insulation materials in our homes have made it much easier for microorganisms to grow on the exterior walls of our houses.